Western Sahara Overflight Permits Regulations 2024

Delivery Aircraft Trip Support
Western Sahara Overflight Permits Procedures

Do you need a permit for western sahara overflight?

Yes, you typically need a permit for overflight of Western Sahara. The specific requirements and procedures can vary depending on factors such as the type of aircraft, purpose of flight, and route. It's important to consult with aviation authorities or specialized agencies to ensure compliance with all necessary regulations and obtain the appropriate permits.

In alignment with the Western Sahara Civil Aviation Authority's Aeronautical Information Publication (Western Sahara AIP) and the designated air traffic routes in Western Sahara, any aircraft owner or operator planning to fly in Western Sahara airspace must apply for Western Sahara overflight clearance through the Air Transport Department at least 48 working hours before the scheduled flight departure. It's essential to include AFTN (Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunication Network) in your flight plan, and for Western Sahara, only an overfly permit is necessary.

These terms would help you find more specific information regarding the rules and requirements for obtaining overflight permits in Western Sahara.

Required Details for Obtaining Western Sahara Overflight Permit Application

1 - Flight Schedule
2 - Entry / Exit Points with ATC Route
3 - Lead Passenger Details
4 - Consignee & Consigner Details for Cargo Flights
5 - Aircraft Documents [ AOC, COA, COI, CON, COR]

Permit Validity

- Western Sahara Overflight Permit is valid for +24 hours.

For those intending to execute a passenger flight landing or technical stop, the Western Sahara Airports Authority has specific regulations overseeing the issuance of Western Sahara Overflight Permits, often involving associated charges. These charges typically cover Route Navigation Facility Charges for overflight, as well as landing and parking fees for aircraft making stops.

Being a signatory to the Chicago Convention, Western Sahara requires strict compliance with ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) general rules for international air traffic. This encompasses adherence to regulations concerning the transport of troops, equipment, materials, and dangerous goods. For more comprehensive information, please reach out to us.

Aviation Regulations Western Sahara

Western Sahara is a disputed territory, and its political status is contested between Morocco and the Polisario Front. As such, there is no single recognized civil aviation authority governing the airspace of Western Sahara.

Morocco controls most of the territory and administers its civil aviation affairs, including airspace management and regulation. Aviation regulations in areas under Moroccan control would fall under the jurisdiction of the Moroccan civil aviation authority, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGAC). The DGAC is responsible for regulating civil aviation activities within Moroccan airspace, ensuring compliance with national laws and international aviation standards set by organizations such as the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

However, in areas not under Moroccan control, such as those administered by the Polisario Front, civil aviation regulations may be governed by local authorities or international organizations operating in the region.

Given the complex political situation and lack of international recognition for Western Sahara as an independent state, aviation regulations and airspace management in the region may vary depending on the controlling authority in each specific area.

Overflight Permits Category’s for Adhoc and Private

1 - Overflight Permits (Charter Passenger Flights)
2 - Overflight Permits (Private Passenger Flights)
3 - Overflight Permits (Non-Schedule Cargo Flights)

Overflight Permits Category’s for Block :

1 - Monthly Block Overflight Permits (For Scheduled and Non-schedule Airlines Flights)
2 - Seasonal Block Overflight Permits (Scheduled Commercial Airlines Flights)

Overflight Permit Charge's

We ensure transparency in the processing costs for Civil Aviation Permits and Western Sahara Overflight Permits, with no hidden fees. Our pricing is straightforward and inclusive, without any extra charges for Western Sahara Overflight Permits. There are no hefty upfront deposits or obligations required. We focus on fostering lasting partnerships and earning referrals through our commitment to professionalism. Our dedicated teams provide essential monthly financial reports, meeting the high expectations of our discerning clientele. Trust is built on our rigorous administrative and financial controls, along with our consistently high service standards.

Flight Information Region In Western Sahara

Western Sahara Airspace is divided into -- Flight Information Regions (FIRs)

1 - N/A

Western Sahara FIRs ( Entry / Exit Points ) :

West Bound Entry PointWest Bound Exit PointEast Bound Entry PointEast Bound Exit Point

International Trip Support Services

We provide comprehensive and personalized flight planning and International Trip Planning services to the corporate aviation industry. Our dedicated and experienced staff work together to ensure you have a smooth trip that is tailored to your particular needs. with years of international flight planning experience, the latest trip coordination technology, and a dedication to high-quality customer service, each member of our knowledgeable team is equipped with the tools to exceed your expectations.

Our proficient flight support team offering unrivalled support services to any International & Domestic Airports in Western Sahara along with their expertise, our permit2fly team can arrange Western Sahara Overflight Permits for Ad-hoc Charter Flights, Scheduled Airline Seasonal Block Permits from Civil Aviation Authority of Western Sahara according to their legal time frame.

Trust Permit2fly, to handle all your ground supervisory at Western Sahara airports and obtain Western Sahara overflight and Landing permit for any of your aircrafts to operate in the territory of Western Sahara.

About Myanmar | History - Geography

Western Sahara is a disputed territory on the northwest coast and in the Maghreb region of North and West Africa, partially controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and partially occupied by neighboring Morocco. Its surface area amounts to 266,000 square kilometres. It is one of the most sparsely populated territories in the world, mainly consisting of desert flatlands. The population is estimated at just over 500,000,[3] of which nearly 40% live in Laayoune, the largest city in Western Sahara.

In the 11th century, the Maqil Arabs (fewer than 200 individuals) settled in Morocco (mainly in the Draa River valley, between the Moulouya River, Tafilalt and Taourirt).[16] Towards the end of the Almohad Caliphate, the Beni Hassan, a sub-tribe of the Maqil, were called by the local ruler of the Sous to quell a rebellion; they settled in the Sous Ksours and controlled such cities as Taroudant.[16] During Marinid dynasty rule, the Beni Hassan rebelled but were defeated by the Sultan and escaped beyond the Saguia el-Hamra dry river.[16][17] The Beni Hassan then were at constant war with the Lamtuna nomadic Berbers of the Sahara. Over roughly five centuries, through a complex process of acculturation and mixing seen elsewhere in the Maghreb and North Africa, some of the indigenous Berber tribes mixed with the Maqil Arab tribes and formed a culture unique to Morocco and Mauritania.

Western Sahara Overflight Permits Procedures

The Given Below Information Is Extracted from the Western Sahara (Morocco) AIP

Information On Flights – Flight Plans

The expression flight plan is used to designate both complete information on all the elements forming the description of the flight plan covering the whole estimated route, and information in limited number to obtain a clearance concerning a part of flight.

Procedures For The Submission Of A Flight Plan

Information concerning a planned flight or part of a flight to be provided to air traffic bodies are communicated in a flight plan.

Obligation of submission of flight plan Submission of a flight plan is mandatory for all IFR and VFR flights performed within the airspace under the responsibility of Morocco, as it defined by the regional air navigation agreements of the ICAO.

Time Of Submission

When air traffic control service or air traffic advisory service is provided to a flight, the flight plan shall be submitted at least sixty (60) minutes before departure. If it is communicated during flight, it shall be transmitted at a time which will ensure to its receipt by the appropriate ATS unit at least ten (10) minutes before the aircraft is estimated to reach the first point from which the flight plan applies. Any change of more than 15 minutes compared to the estimated time of departure from the parking stand (EOBT) in the case of a controlled flight for which a flight plan has been filled, must be communicated to the IFPS system sending a DLA or CHG message or, if applicable, a new flight plan must be deposed and the old flight plan canceled.

The IFPS does not accept negative time limit: for any earlier change in EOBT, the flight plan must be canceled and a new flight plan is filled with the new EOBT.

The establishment and communication procedures for RPL and FPL are defined by AIC N° 05/12 of 06-SEP-2012.

Place Of Submission

Except when other arrangements have been made for submission of repetitive flight plans, a flight plan submitted prior to departure should be submitted to the air traffic services reporting office at the departure aerodrome or transmitted during the flight to the concerned Air Traffic Services.

Flight Plan Contents

A flight plan must include the following inquiries:

I. Aircraft identification.

II. Flight rules and type of flight.

III. Number and type of aircraft and wake turbulence category.

• Equipment

• Departure aerodrome (see note 1)

• Estimated off-block time (see note 2)

• Cruising speeds

• Cruising level

• Route

• Destination aerodrome and total estimated time

• Alternate aerodrome

• Flight range

• Persons on board

• Rescue and survival equipment

Note 1: Information to be provided for flight plans issued during the flight relating to this item is the indication of the point where complementary information on the flight may be obtained, if needed.

Note 2 : For flight plans transmitted during the flight, information to be provided relating to this item is the over flight time above the first reporting point from which the flight plan applies.

Submitted Flight Plan

Whatever the purpose for which it is submitted, a flight plan shall contain information, as applicable, on relevant items of the previous list up to and including “Alternate aerodrome(s)” regarding the whole route or the portion thereof for which the flight plan is submitted.

A submitted flight plan shall be filed in accordance with the instructions and the model contained in Appendix 2 (PANS-ATM).

A submitted flight plan shall be issued for each stage. For flights including various stages, flight plans submitted for each stage may be established at the departure aerodrome of the first stage.

A submitted flight plan communicated before the flight must be directly issued by the pilot in command or his representative, or transmitted by appropriate communication means to the ARO of the departure aerodrome.

In the absence of the ARO at the departure aerodrome, a flight plan shall be submitted by telephone, teletypewriter or other appropriate means to the nearest ARO or to the ATS unit serving or designated to serve the departure aerodrome.

When no ATS unit at the departure aerodrome, the pilot-in-command must communicate to the unit to which flight plan has been transmitted, or the unit serving or in charge of serving the departure aerodrome, his real time of departure immediately after the take-off.

A flight plan to be submitted during flight should normally be transmitted to the ATS unit concerned. When this is not practicable, it should be transmitted to another ATS unit or aeronautical telecommunication station for retransmission as required to the appropriate air traffic services unit.

Repetitive Flight Plan (RPL)

Repetitive flight plan shall be established in compliance with instructions and model contained in Appendix 2 (PANS-ATM) except if a particular agreement authorizes an operator to use the electronic information processing support.

RPLs shall not be used for flights other than IFR flights operated regularly on the same day (s) of consecutive weeks and on at least ten occasions or every day over a period of at least ten consecutive days. The elements of each flight plan shall have a high degree of stability.

RPLs shall cover the entire flight from the departure aerodrome to the destination aerodrome. RPL procedures shall be applied only when all ATS authorities concerned with the flights have agreed to accept RPLs.

Repetitive flight plans must be issued or by mailed to the RPL office whose address is brought to the users knowledge by the aeronautical information way at least three (3) weeks before the date of the first flight of the series to which they applied. Another delay may be defined if a particular agreement authorizes an operator to use the electronic processing information support.

Repetitive flight plans take systematically end at the fixed dates specified by the RPL office. If they are renewed, a new RPL listings must be submitted or forwarded to the RPL office.

Changes In Flight Plan

Subject to the provisions of 1.5, any changes to a flight plan submitted for an IFR flight, or a VFR flight operated as a controlled flight, shall be reported as soon as practicable to the appropriate air traffic services unit. For other VFR flights, significant changes to a flight plan shall be reported as soon as practicable to the appropriate air traffic services unit.

Changes of a permanent nature and the cancellation of repetitive flight plans shall be submitted hall reach the RPL office concerned at least seven days prior to the change becoming effective.

Changes of a temporary, non-recurring nature relating to RPLs concerning aircraft type and wake turbulence category, speed and/or cruising level shall be notified for each individual flight as early as possible and not later than 30 minutes before departure to the ATS reporting office responsible for the departure aerodrome. A change of cruising level only may be notified by radiotelephony on initial contact with the ATS unit.

In case of an incidental change in the aircraft identification, the departure aerodrome, the route and/or the destination aerodrome, the RPL shall be cancelled for the day concerned and an individual flight plan shall be submitted.

Addressing Of Flight Plan Messages

Flight movement messages relating to traffic into or via the CASABLANCA FIR/UIR shall be addressed as stated below in order to warrant correct relay and delivery.

Note : Flight movement messages in this context comprise flight plan messages, amendment messages relating thereto and flight plan cancellation messages.

Category Of Flight
(IFR, VFR or both)
Route - Into Or Via FIR and/or TMAMessage Address
All Flights (IFR/VFR)A Destination FIR/UIR CasablancaGMMMZQZX GMMMZFZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)TMA d’AGADIR / Al MassiraGMADZPZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)TMA de LAAYOUNE / Hassan 1erGMMLZPZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)TMA de TANGER / Ibn BatoutaGMTTZPZX

Note : Traffic to or via the Europe it is reminded to all ATS organisms, to add in address, besides the usual addressees, the two following addresses: