Nepal Overflight Permits Regulations 2024

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Nepal Overflight Permits Procedures

Do you need a permit for nepal overflight?

Nepal, as a nation, upholds its unique set of rules, regulations, and procedures when it comes to granting permits for aircraft intending to land or access its airspace. Whether you're overseeing a private flight, participating in general aviation, managing a charter or scheduled flight, or engaged in passenger or cargo transport, adherence to mandatory Prior Permission is imperative. The application process requires the thorough submission of comprehensive flight details and aircraft documents.

In alignment with the Nepal Civil Aviation Authority's Aeronautical Information Publication (Nepal AIP) and the designated air traffic routes in Nepal, any aircraft owner or operator planning to fly in Nepali airspace must apply for Nepal overflight clearance through the Air Transport Department at least 48 working hours before the scheduled flight departure. It's essential to include AFTN (Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunication Network) in your flight plan, and for Nepal, only an overfly permit is necessary.

These terms would help you find more specific information regarding the rules and requirements for obtaining overflight permits in Nepal.

Required Details for Obtaining Nepal Overflight Permit Application

1 - Flight Schedule
2 - Entry / Exit Points with ATC Route
3 - Lead Passenger Details
4 - Consignee & Consigner Details for Cargo Flights
5 - Aircraft Documents [ AOC, COA, COI, CON, COR]

Permit Validity

- Nepal Overflight Permit is valid for +72 hours.

For those intending to execute a passenger flight landing or technical stop, the Nepal Airports Authority has specific regulations overseeing the issuance of Nepal Overflight Permits, often involving associated charges. These charges typically cover Route Navigation Facility Charges for overflight, as well as landing and parking fees for aircraft making stops.

Being a signatory to the Chicago Convention, Nepal requires strict compliance with ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) general rules for international air traffic. This encompasses adherence to regulations concerning the transport of troops, equipment, materials, and dangerous goods. For more comprehensive information, please reach out to us.

Aviation Regulations Nepal

Aviation regulations in Nepal are crucial for ensuring safety, security, and efficient operation within the country's aviation sector. These regulations are primarily overseen by the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN), which operates under the Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation.

Key Components of Nepal's Aviation Regulations:

Civil Aviation Act:

The Civil Aviation Act provides the primary legal framework for civil aviation in Nepal. It establishes the principles, rules, and guidelines for managing and operating civil aviation activities within the country.

Civil Aviation Regulations (CARs):

The Civil Aviation Regulations (CARs) issued by CAAN detail specific rules and standards covering various aspects of aviation operations. This includes regulations on airworthiness, flight operations, personnel licensing, air traffic services, and airport operations.

CAAN Directives and Circulars:

CAAN issues directives, circulars, and advisory materials to ensure compliance with national and international aviation standards. These documents provide guidance on operational, safety, and security matters for aviation stakeholders.

International Agreements:

Nepal is a member of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and adheres to its standards and recommended practices. The country also engages in various bilateral and multilateral air service agreements to regulate international air transport.

Important Areas of Regulation:

Safety and Security:

Regulations ensure that aircraft operations, maintenance, and airworthiness meet ICAO standards. This includes mandatory inspections, certifications, and the implementation of safety management systems to uphold safety standards.

Licensing and Certification:

Pilots, air traffic controllers, engineers, and other aviation personnel must obtain appropriate licenses and certifications from CAAN. Airlines and aircraft must also be registered and certified to operate in Nepal.

Airport Operations:

Airports in Nepal are subject to regulations concerning infrastructure standards, operational procedures, security measures, and environmental impact. CAAN oversees airport certification, management, and development.

Air Traffic Management:

Air traffic control (ATC) services in Nepal are provided according to international standards to ensure safe and efficient airspace management. Regulations cover the training of ATC personnel, operational procedures, and equipment standards.

Consumer Protection:

Regulations protect passengers' rights, including provisions for compensation in cases of flight delays, cancellations, and baggage issues. There are also rules governing transparency in ticket pricing and terms of service.

Recent Developments:

Nepal's aviation sector has been actively working on enhancing its regulatory framework and infrastructure to meet international standards and improve operational efficiency. Recent developments include:

Infrastructure Development:

Upgrades and expansions at major airports such as Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu to accommodate growing passenger and cargo traffic.

Technological Advancements:

Introduction of advanced technologies in air traffic management and airport operations to enhance safety and efficiency.

Safety Enhancements:

Implementation of new safety initiatives and procedures to improve overall aviation safety standards.

Key Regulatory Bodies: Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN):

The primary regulatory body responsible for overseeing civil aviation activities and enforcing regulations.

Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation:

Provides overall policy direction and guidance for the aviation sector in Nepal.

Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA):

Managed by TIA, this is the busiest airport in Nepal, ensuring compliance with CAAN regulations and international standards.

Understanding and complying with these regulations is essential for all entities involved in Nepal's aviation sector, whether domestic or international. For specific and detailed regulatory requirements, consulting CAAN and referring to the latest legal documents and guidelines issued by Nepalese authorities is recommended.

Overflight Permits Category’s for Adhoc and Private

1 - Overflight Permits (Charter Passenger Flights)
2 - Overflight Permits (Private Passenger Flights)
3 - Overflight Permits (Non-Schedule Cargo Flights)

Overflight Permits Category’s for Block :

1 - Monthly Block Overflight Permits (For Scheduled and Non-schedule Airlines Flights)
2 - Seasonal Block Overflight Permits (Scheduled Commercial Airlines Flights)

Overflight Permit Charge's

We do not charge any type of hidden cost in Civil Aviation Permit Processing Cost and Nepal Overflight Permits Procedures. Our fee is straight and direct without any additional fees in Nepal Overflight Permit We do not require large upfront deposits or commitments. We strive to develop long term relationships and we work hard to earn your referrals. Besides receiving essential financial monthly reports these very particular customers expect to entirely rely on professional teams and they offer just that. This trust is earned through our administrative and financial control, as well as our services standards of work.

Flight Information Region In Nepal

Nepal Airspace is divided into 01 Flight Information Regions (FIRs)

1 - Kathmandu (VNSM) FIR

Nepal FIRs ( Entry / Exit Points ) :

West Bound Entry PointWest Bound Exit PointEast Bound Entry PointEast Bound Exit Point

International Trip Support Services

We provide comprehensive and personalized flight planning and International Trip Planning services to the corporate aviation industry. Our dedicated and experienced staff work together to ensure you have a smooth trip that is tailored to your particular needs. with years of international flight planning experience, the latest trip coordination technology, and a dedication to high-quality customer service, each member of our knowledgeable team is equipped with the tools to exceed your expectations.

Our proficient flight support team offering unrivalled support services to any International & Domestic Airports in Nepal along with their expertise, our permit2fly team can arrange Nepal Overflight Permits for Ad-hoc Charter Flights, Scheduled Airline Seasonal Block Permits from Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal according to their legal time frame.

Trust Permit2fly, to handle all your ground supervisory at Nepal airports and obtain Nepal overflight and Landing permit for any of your aircrafts to operate in the territory of Nepal.

About Nepal | History - Geography

Nepal, country of Asia, lying along the southern slopes of the Himalayan mountain ranges. It is a landlocked country located between India to the east, south, and west and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north. Its territory extends roughly 500 miles (800 kilometers) from east to west and 90 to 150 miles from north to south. The capital is Kathmandu.

Nepal, long under the rule of hereditary prime ministers favoring a policy of isolation, remained closed to the outside world until a palace revolt in 1950 restored the crown’s authority in 1951; the country gained admission to the United Nations in 1955. In 1991 the kingdom established a multiparty parliamentary system. In 2008, however, after a decadelong period of violence and turbulent negotiation with a strong Maoist insurgency, the monarchy was dissolved, and Nepal was declared a democratic republic.

Nepal Overflight Permits Procedures

The Given Below Information Is Extracted from the Nepal AIP

Procedure Of Submission a Flight Plan

A flight plan shall be submitted to the appropriate ATS units in respect of the following flights:

i- Flight in airways and other airspace whether IFR or VFR.

ii- Any flight or portion thereof, to be provided with air traffic control service.

iii- Any flight within or into designated areas, or along designated route to facilitate coordination with appropriate military units or air traffic services unit in adjacent state in order to avoid possible need for interception for the purpose of identification.

iv- Any flight across international boarder.

Note: The appropriate ATS unit for the submission of flight plan for TIA, Kathmandu is ATS Reporting Office (ARO) and relevant Aerodrome Control Tower for other controlled aerodromes.

The flight plan submitted to the appropriate ATS unit should be signed and filed by the pilot-in-command or authorized representative at least sixty minutes prior to departure (the estimated off block time) using the ICAO new flight plan since 15 November, 2012.

In the event of delay of 30 minutes for international flights and 60 minutes for domestic fights in excess of EOBT, the flight plan should be amended or a new flight plan be submitted and old flight plan canceled, whichever is applicable.

Note: If a delay in departure of a controlled flight is not properly reported, the relevant flight plan data may no longer be readily available to the appropriate ATS unit when a clearance is ultimately requested, which will consequently result in extra delay for the flight.

Note: If any delay in departure or cancellation of an uncontrolled flight is not properly reported, alerting or search and rescue action may be unnecessarily initiated when the flight fails to arrive at the destination aerodrome within 30 minutes after its current ETA.

Flights during which IFR flight procedure is planned on any route segment and flights capable of instrument flight rule shall insert IFR in the flight plan and those flights which are not capable of compliance with IFR flights shall insert VFR in the flight plan.

The total number of persons on board (passengers plus crew) should be stated in the flight plans.

In addition, pilots are required to pass the total number of persons (POB) to the concerned ATC unit when requesting engine start-up during departure and when making first contact during arrival.

No flight plans shall be filed for routes deviating from the published ATS route structure unless prior permission has been obtained from the appropriate ATS unit.

When a flight is planned to operate in aerodrome traffic circuit or local/ training flight, detail of the flight shall be submitted to ATS units.

Note: But flight of specific character, such as survey flights, scientific research flights etc may be exempted from the above restriction (1.7).

Whenever a flight, for which a flight plan has been submitted, is cancelled, the appropriate ATS unit shall be informed immediately.

Changes to a current flight plan for a controlled flight during flight shall be reported or requested, subject to the provisions in Annex 2, 3.6.2 (Adherence to flight plan).

Significant changes to a flight plan for an uncontrolled VFR flight include changes in endurance or in the total number of persons on board and changes in time estimates of 30 minutes or more.

Arrival Report (Closing A Flight Plan)

A report of arrival shall be made at the earliest possible moment after landing to the airport office of the arrival aerodrome by any flight for which a flight plan has been submitted except when the arrival has been acknowledged by the ATS unit. After landing at an aerodrome which is not the destination aerodrome (diversionary l), the ATS unit shall be specifically informed accordingly.

In the absence of an ATS unit at the aerodrome of diversion, the pilot is responsible for passing the arrival report to the destination aerodrome.

Arrival reports shall contain the following elements of information:

• Aircraft Identification

• Departure Aerodrome

• Destination Aerodrome

• Time Of Arrival

In the case of diversion, insert the "arrival aerodrome" between "destination aerodrome" and "time of arrival"

Addressing of Flight Plan Messages

1- Flight movement Message relating to traffic into or via Kathmandu FIR shall be addressed as stated below in order to warrant correct relay and delivery.

Note: Flight movement messages in this context comprise flight plan messages, amendment messages relating thereto and flight plan cancellation messages (PANS –ATM refers).

Category Of Flight
(IFR, VFR or both)
Route - Into Or Via FIR and/or TMAMessage Address
All Flights (IFR/VFR)Into Or Via KathmanduVNSMZQZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)into Kathmandu ACCVNKTZRZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)into Kathmandu APP/ RADARVNKTZAZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)into Kathmandu TowerVNKTZTZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)into TIA Kathmandu (ARO)VNKTZPZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)into PokharaVNPKZTZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)into NepalgunjVNNGZTZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)into BiratnagarVNVTZTZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)into JanakpurVNJPZTZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)into SimaraVNSIZTZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)into BharatpurVNBPZTZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)into BhairahawaVNBWZTZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)AMDT 01/2019VNDHZTZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)30 April 2019VNCGZTZX
All Flights (IFR/VFR)into SurkhetVNSKZTZX
Altimeter Setting Procedures

The altimeter setting procedures in use generally conform to those contained in ICAO Doc 8168, Vol I, part 6 and are given in full below, Differences are shown in quotation marks. Transition altitudes are given on the instrument approach charts.

QNH reports and temperature information for use in determining adequate terrain clearance are provided in MET broadcasts and are available on request from the air traffic services units. QNH values are given in hectopascals.

Basic Altimeter Setting Procedures

The system of altimetry in Kathmandu FIR (VNSM) makes use of a transition layer to separate aircraft using QNH from those using 1013.2 hPa. The transition layer for Kathmandu FIR is between a transition altitude of 13500 ft. and a transition level of FL 150. Cruising within the transition layer is not permitted.

Vertical positioning of aircraft when at or below the transition altitude is expressed in terms of altitude, whereas such positioning at or above the transition level is expressed in terms of flight levels. While passing through the transition layer, vertical positioning is expressed in terms of altitude when descending and in terms of flight levels while ascending.

All air traffic at or below the transition altitude will use Katmandu QNH supplied by ATC units. At controlled aerodromes other than Katmandu, in-bound traffic will set local QNH on entering control zone boundary and out-bound traffic will change form local QNH to Katmandu QNH on leaving the control zone boundary.

The change from QNH to 1013.2 hPa will be made on climbing through the transition altitude. During descent the change from 1013.2 hPa to QNH will be made at the transition level.

Flight level zero is located at the atmospheric pressure level of 1013.2 HPA (29.92in). Consecutive flight levels are separated by a pressure interval corresponding to 500 ft (152.5m) in the standard atmosphere.

Note: Examples of the relationship between flight levels and altimeter indications are given in the following table, the metric equivalents being approximate:

Flight Level

Altimeter indication - Meters
Take-off and Climb

A QNH altimeter setting is made available to aircraft in taxi clearance prior to take off.

Vertical positioning of aircraft during climb is expressed in terms of altitudes until reaching the transition altitude, above which vertical positioning is expressed in terms of flight levels.

Vertical Separation - En route

IFR flights, and VFR flights above transition level FL150, when in level cruising flight, shall be flown at such flight levels, corresponding to the magnetic tracks shown in flight tables of cruising levels- Para 5

Approach and Landing

A QNH altimeter setting is made available in approach clearance and in clearance to enter the control zone.

QFE altimeter settings are not available

Vertical positioning of aircraft during approach is controlled by reference to flight levels until reaching the transition level, below which vertical positioning is controlled by reference to altitudes.

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